10 Interesting Europe Facts
Since ancient times, Istanbul has been to unite Asia and Europe through the Bosporus Strait. No doubt if this amazing city is one of the most beautiful places on earth. Istanbul is the only metropolis that bridges two continents. Istanbul is the European Capital of Culture in 2010, a program initiated by the European Union. The following are interesting Europe facts.
1. Most Active Volcano
Etna is the largest as well as the most active volcano in Europe. With a maximum altitude of about 3350 m, Mount Etna is a stratovolcano located in Sicily, southern Italy.
The highest volcano in Europe this is actually one of the most active volcanoes in the world. You can find updates on the topic of eruption at the site at the Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia. Eruptions have been documented since ancient times, more precisely since 1500 BC. This is the period of eruption of the worlds oldest documented.
2. Stromboli Mountain
Stromboli is also one of the most active volcanoes. This is one of the eight Aeolian Islands (Isole Eolie), offshore volcanic islands. According to specialists, Stromboli is the only active volcano in mainland Europe.
Mount Vesuvius, best known for his eruption completely destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum. Mount Vesuvius get last erupted in 1944.
Vatnajokull (Iceland) is the largest glacier in Europe where the seven volcanoes located beneath the ice cap.
3. State’s Largest and Smallest Countries
Europe is home to the world’s smallest country, Vatican City State (Stato Della Citta Del Vaticano) and the largest country, Russia (in terms of population and total area).
According to the CIA World Fact book, Russia’s vast territory reached 17,098,242 square kilometers (16,377,742 sq km land: 720,500 sq km water), while the Vatican area is only 0.44 sq. km.
4. Merry Cemetery
Place of burial is often described as a place to grieve, but also appeared to burial can also be entertaining. Sapanta located in Northern Romania renowned worldwide for its Merry Cemetery, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Sapanta is a unique cemetery and into a tourist attraction. What was interesting? Design atypical cross-shaped tombstone of oak. Hand painted with vivid colors such as red, blue, green, yellow and engraved with a short epitaphs to describe life or state of those who died.
The man behind this concept is a craftsman of Romania, Iona Stan Patras, who began carving a cross in 1935. Culture of ancient Dacians, the ancestors of Romanians, saw death as a liberation and immortality of the soul. Sapanta maintain a positive attitude towards death and greeted him with a smile.
5. liberty Statue
The famous Statue of Liberty was designed by Frédéric Bartholdi. Neoclassical colossal statue was built in France and given as gifts of friendship to the United States. While the steel framework was made by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, brilliant French engineer, who was behind the creation of the Eiffel Tower.
Overall height of the Statue of Liberty is 305 feet, 6 inches and seven rays on Lady Liberty crown represent the seven continents. Lady Liberty replica itself has been created worldwide and the most famous are located in France.
6. The origins of European Names
According to ancient Greek mythology, Europa were a Phoenician princess beautiful. She is the daughter of Agenor, king of Tyre. Zeus fell in love with Europa, so he decided to appear in front of Europa in the form of a white bull to convince Europa. Power of Zeus metamorphosis is a key element in Greek mythology.
The princess then climbed into the back of a bull incarnation of Zeus and was immediately taken to Crete where Zeus revealed his true self in all its glory to the Europa. Zeus and Europa finally blessed with three children: Sarpedon, Minos and Rhadamanthys.
7. Mediterranean Sea
In the last 40 years has found strong evidence that states that the Mediterranean Sea frequent droughts in the past. The event is also known as the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Amazing story of this discovery is told in “The Mediterranean Was a Desert, Voyage of the Glomar Challenger” by Kenneth J. Hsu.
According to Rob Butler, “Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean represents one example of the most dramatic changes in the external environment in the geological record of glacial regions is relatively young.”
8. Place of Birth kingdom-the Great Kingdom
Many of the largest empire that was born in Europe. British Empire was at one time was the largest empire in the world. The extent of covering more than 36 million square kilometers and has a population of between 480 and 570 million people. While other colonial empires is the famous Kingdom of Spain, the Russian Empire, French Empire, Portuguese Empire.
Roman Empire, a pre-colonial kingdom, often described as the cradle of modern civilization and one of the world’s most successful empire.
9. Longest name
Prepare yourself to hear some of the longest name officially recognized. It’s hard to beat a name of a hill in New Zealand:
But, let’s try to beat him.
A village in Wales, United Kingdom, has a name which contains 58 letters. It was recognized as the longest place name in Europe. His name is Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysilio gogogoch which means “Church of St Mary in the valley of the white hazel near a rapid whirlpool and the Church of St. Tysilio of the red cave.” The short version is Llanfairpwllgwyngyll.
Check also the names of other long outstanding: Äteritsiputeritsipuolilautatsijänkä, located in Finland, Poland and Siemieniakowszczyzna in Newtownmountkennedy in Ireland.
10. Migration Period
Age of Migration remains one of the most known facts about Europe that is when the various tribes flooded Europe. The first stage of the migration movement ended around 500 AD when the Germanic tribes (Franks, Goths, Saxons, Vandals, Lombards, and others) established their kingdom in the middle, West, South and SE Europe. This period was followed by a second phase of the Migration Period ((500-700 AD), the migration of Slavs. All these are unique facts about Europe.