10 Interesting Facts About John Adams
John Adams fact is an interesting topic that we will discuss in this post. John Adams, Jr. is President of the United States (1797-1801) second. He also served as Vice President of the United States (1789-1797) first. As a politician, he is remembered as the Founding Fathers (Founding Father) the United States. John Adams became one of the leaders of the independence movement to liberate America from England. He signed the American Declaration of Independence which was announced on July 4, 1776. In the war of independence he served in France and the Netherlands as a diplomat and helped negotiate a peace. Here are 10 interesting John Adams facts.
John Adams Fact 1: Defending British Army in the Court of the Boston Massacre
In 1770, Adams defended British soldiers accused of killing five colonists of Boston Green in what is known as the Boston Massacre. Although he disagreed with British policy, he wanted to make sure British soldiers received a fair trial.
John Adams Fact 2: John Adams nominated George Washington
John Adams realized the importance of uniting the North and South in the Revolutionary War. He chose George Washington as a good leader will support.
John Adams Fact 3: Part of the Committee to draft the Declaration of Independence
John Adams was a key figure in both the First and Second Continental Congress in 1774 and 1775. He has been a loyal opposed British policy before the American Revolution to argue against the Stamp Act and other measures. During the Second Continental Congress, he was selected to be part of a committee to draw up the Declaration of Independence, although he deferred to Thomas Jefferson wrote the first draft.
John Adams Fact 4: Wife Abigail Adams
John Adams’s wife, Abigail Adams, was an important figure in the whole foundation of the American republic. He was a faithful correspondent with her husband and also in later years by Thomas Jefferson. He is educated as can be judged from his letters. Its impact on the husband and the mother of the political moment cannot be underestimated.
John Adams Fact 5: Diplomat to France
Adams sent to France in 1778 and later in 1782. During the second trip he helped make the Treaty of Paris with Benjamin Franklin and John Jay that ended the American Revolution.
John Adams Fact 6: Elected as President in 1796 with Thomas Jefferson’s opponents as Vice President
Under the constitution, candidates for President and Vice President are not executed by the parties but as individuals. Anyone who receives the most votes became president and whoever has the most elected second vice president. Although Thomas Pinckney was meant to be Vice President John Adams, in the election of 1796 Thomas Jefferson came in second by just three votes for Adams. They served together for four years, the only time in American history that a political opponent served on the two top executive positions.
John Adams Fact 7: The XYZ Affair
While Adams was president; the French regularly harass American ships at sea. Adams tried to stop it by sending a minister to France. However, they diverge. The French then sent a note requesting a bribe of $ 250,000 in order to comply with them. Adams was afraid the war will arise, so he asked Congress to increase military. His opponent will not agree so Adams released a French letter soliciting bribes, replacing the signature of the French with the letters XYZ. This leads to the Democratic-Republicans to change their minds. Fear of public outcry after the release of the letter will bring America closer to war, Adams tried once again to meet with the French and they were able to keep the peace.
John Adams Fact 8: The Alien and sedition Acts
When the war with France seemed likely, the act was passed to restrict immigration and free speech. It’s called Alien and sedition Acts. This action is eventually used against opponents of the Federalists that led to the arrest and censorship. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote the Kentucky Resolutions and Virginia in protest.
John Adams Fact 9: Midnight Promise
While the Federalist Congress passed the Adams presidency of Judicature Act 1801 which increased the number of federal judges who could fill Adams. Adams spent his last days to fill new jobs with the Federalists. These are collectively called “midnight appointments.” This will be a point of contention for the Thomas Jefferson that would eliminate many of them after he became president. They will also lead to the famous case of Marbury v. Madison that resulted in a judicial review to appear.
John Adams Fact 10: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson as a journalist Faithful Life Ends
This is last fact on these facts about John Adams article. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson once fierce political opponents during the early years of the republic. Jefferson believed firmly in protecting the rights of states, while John Adams was a federalist faithful. However, the couple reconciled in 1812. As Adams says, “You and I ought not to die before we have explained ourselves to each other.” They spent the rest of their lives writing a letter of interest with one another. This is interesting John Adams fact.